European governments aim to raise labour supply, cut unemployment and, at the same time, maintain social cohesion. Yet, economists have stressed the trade-off between these objectives. This paper reviews the key policy insights from optimal tax theory to identify options for reform in the tax-benefit system that can potentially improve the equity-efficiency trade-off. Using a comprehensive applied general equilibrium model, we then explore whether reforms along these lines in the Dutch tax-benefit system raise employment without sacrificing equality. The analysis reveals that selective tax relief for elastic secondary earners and low-skilled workers have this potential. A flat income tax structure, possibly combined with a negative income tax, worsens the equity-efficiency trade-off.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Applied general equilibrium, J22, J68, Labour supply, Tax-benefit system, The Netherlands, Unemployment
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10797-007-9048-6, hdl.handle.net/1765/11769
Citation
de Mooij, R.A. (2008). Reinventing the Dutch tax-benefit system: exploring the frontier of the equity-efficiency trade-off. International Tax and Public Finance, 15(1), 87–103. doi:10.1007/s10797-007-9048-6