In this paper we consider deterministic seasonal variation in quarterly industrial production for several European countries, and we address the question whether this variation has become more similar across countries over time. Due to economic and institutional factors, one may expect convergence across business cycles. When these have similar characteristics as seasonal cycles, one may perhaps also find convergence in seasonality. To this aim, we propose a method that is based on treating the set of production series as a panel. By testing for the relevant parameter restrictions for moving window samples, we examine the hypothesis of convergence in deterministic seasonality while allowing for seasonal unit roots. Our main empirical finding is that there is no evidence for convergence in seasonality.

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Keywords convergence, panel, seasonality
JEL C22, Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions (jel), C33, Models with Panel Data (jel), O47, Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity (jel)
Persistent URL,
Franses, Ph.H.B.F, & Kunst, R.M. (2007). Analyzing a panel of seasonal time series: Does seasonality in industrial production converge across Europe?. Economic Modelling, 24(6), 954–968. doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2007.03.006