Decline in ventricular function and clinical condition after Mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries (a prospective study of 22-29 years).
BACKGROUND: Great concern exists about the ability of the anatomic right ventricle to sustain the systemic circulation in patients with transposition of the great arteries who have undergone a Mustard procedure. A prospective study was made to examine long-term survival, clinical outcome, and right ventricular function 25 years after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-one consecutive patients underwent the Mustard procedure between 1973 and 1980. After 14 years and again after 25 years (range 22-29 years), patients were studied with ECG, echocardiography, exercise testing, and Holter monitoring. RESULTS: The cumulative survival and event-free survival were 77% and 36%, respectively, after 25 years. Reoperation was necessary in 46%. No major loss of sinus rhythm was found. While all patients had good right ventricular function 14 years after repair, 61% of patients showed moderate-to-severe dysfunction after 25 years, when studied by echocardiography. Furthermore, the QRS complex widened and exercise capacity decreased. CONCLUSION: The anatomic right ventricle appears to be unable to sustain the systemic circulation at long-term follow-up and the clinical condition of patients late after Mustard repair is declining. We can expect more deaths or need for heart transplantation in the next decade.
|Keywords||Adult, Echocardiography/methods, Exercise Test, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Postoperative Complications/*etiology/physiopathology, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Survival Rate, Transposition of Great Vessels/mortality/*surgery, Treatment Outcome, Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/*etiology/physiopathology|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehj.2004.03.009, hdl.handle.net/1765/13445|
Roos-Hesselink, J.W., Meijboom, F.J., Spitaels, S.E.C., van Rijen, E.H.M., Utens, E.M.W.J., McGhie, J., … van Domburg, R.T.. (2004). Decline in ventricular function and clinical condition after Mustard repair for transposition of the great arteries (a prospective study of 22-29 years).. European Heart Journal, 25(14), 1264–1270. doi:10.1016/j.ehj.2004.03.009