Staphylococcus aureus carriage patterns and the risk of infections associated with continuous peritoneal dialysis.
The epidemiology and risks of Staphylococcus aureus carriage in continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) patients was studied in a single tertiary-care institution. On outpatient visits samples for culture were routinely taken prospectively from the CPD catheter exit site and the vestibulum nasi. Seventy-five patients with at least one culture positive for S. aureus in this period were included: 43 had genotypically identical S. aureus strains in over 80% of the cultures and were classified as persistent carriers; 32 were intermittent carriers. Persistent carriage was associated with a threefold higher risk for CPD-related infections and sixfold higher rates of vancomycin consumption compared to those for the intermittent carriers. No methicillin or vancomycin resistance was detected.
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Carrier State/*epidemiology/*microbiology, Female, Humans, Male, Middle aged, Nose/microbiology, Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory/*adverse effects, Risk Factors, Staphylococcal Infections/*epidemiology/microbiology, Staphylococcus aureus/*isolation & purification|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.02083-05, hdl.handle.net/1765/14012|
Nouwen, J.L., Schouten, J., Schneebergen, P., Snijders, S.V., Maaskant, J., Koolen, M., … Verbrugh, H.A.. (2006). Staphylococcus aureus carriage patterns and the risk of infections associated with continuous peritoneal dialysis.. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 44(6), 2233–2236. doi:10.1128/JCM.02083-05