Total factor productivity of twenty OECD countries for a recent period (1971-2002) is explained using six different models based on the established literature. Traditionally, entrepreneurship is not dealt with in these models. In the present paper it is shown that – when this variable is added - in all models there is a significant influence of entrepreneurship while the remaining effects mainly stay the same. Entrepreneurship is measured as the business ownership rate (number of business owners per workforce) corrected for the level of economic development (GDP per capita).

Additional Metadata
Keywords OEC D, TFP, entrepreneurship, research and development, total factor productivity
JEL E20, Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (jel), L26, Entrepreneurship (jel), M13, New Firms; Startups (jel), O10, Economic Development: General (jel), O30, Technological Change; Research and Development (R&D): General (jel), O40, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General (jel), O50, Economywide Country Studies: General (jel)
Publisher Tinbergen Institute
Persistent URL
Erken, H.P.G, Donselaar, P, & Thurik, A.R. (2009). Total Factor Productivity and the Role of Entrepreneurship (No. TI 09-034/3). Discussion paper / Tinbergen Institute. Tinbergen Institute. Retrieved from