Cross-Border Mergers & Acquisitions: A Piece of The Natural Resource Curse Puzzle
We combine the resource curse literature with the literature on cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) to investigate two hypotheses, namely (i) countries with a comparative advantage in natural resources attract more M&As in natural resource intensive sectors and (ii) countries with a high natural resource dependency attract fewer M&As in other sectors. Using the Thomson dataset we test these hypotheses for a sample of 49 African and Latin American countries in the period 1988 - 2007. Both hypotheses were confirmed by our findings. Thus, resource dependency has a “crowding out” effect on M&As in sectors not intensive in natural resources, and a comparative advantage in natural resources has a “crowding in” effect on M&As in sectors intensive in natural resources.
|Keywords||gravity equation, mergers and acquisitions, natural resources, resource curse|
|JEL||Multinational Firms; International Business (jel F23), Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth (jel Q56)|
Swart, J, & van Marrewijk, J.G.M. (2009). Cross-Border Mergers & Acquisitions: A Piece of The Natural Resource Curse Puzzle (No. TI-2009-053/2). Discussion paper / Tinbergen Institute. Tinbergen Institute. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/16302