Self-selection bias in estimated wage premiums for earnings risk
This note develops a simple occupational choice model to examine three types of selection biases that may occur in empirically estimating the premium for uncertain wages. Individuals may select themselves into risky (wage-uncertain) jobs because they have (1) lower risk aversion, or (2) lower income risks, or (3) higher individual ability. We show that (1) gives no bias, (2) biases the OLS estimate of the risk-premium in a wage regression upward, and (3) yields a bias that analytically may be positive or negative, but empirically is more likely to be negative if our occupational choice model is correct.
|Keywords||Earnings risk, Selectivity bias, Wages, empirical analysis, estimation method, income, numerical model, occupation, regression analysis, wage determination|
|JEL||Truncated and Censored Models (jel C24), Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc. (jel J31)|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00181-008-0231-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/17983|
|Journal||Empirical Economics: a quarterly journal of the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna|
Jacobs, B, Hartog, J, & Vijverberg, W.P.M. (2009). Self-selection bias in estimated wage premiums for earnings risk. Empirical Economics: a quarterly journal of the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna, 37(2), 271–286. doi:10.1007/s00181-008-0231-0