This thesis investigates the relationships between mobility, sexual risk behavior and HIV infection. We performed an ecological analysis, analyzed data from epidemiological cohort studies in Zimbabwe and Tanzania, and performed microsimulation modeling. The main conclusions are that: Urban immigration explains much of the differences between countries in the African HIV epidemic; Out-migrants do not constitute a high-risk group in rural Zimbabwe; Risky sexual behavior is seen in both mobile persons and in their partners staying behind; and non-participation of mobile groups can strongly reduce the impact of HIV interventions, and targeting them is a promising additional option in the control of HIV.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Africa, Aids, HIV, intervention, migration, mobility, sexual behavior, travel
Promotor J.D.F. Habbema (Dik)
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Sponsor EMC Rotterdam, Mapi Values (Houten, The Netherlands)
ISBN 978-909025-022-9
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/18339
Citation
Vissers, D.C.J.. (2010, February 25). The role of mobility in HIV transmission and control. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/18339