Purpose: To compare clinical success, functional capacity, and quality of life during 12 months after revascularization or supervised exercise training in patients with intermittent claudication. Materials and Methods: This study had institutional review board approval, and all patients gave written informed consent. Between September 2002 and September 2005, 151 consecutive patients who presented with symptoms of intermittent claudication were randomly assigned to undergo either endovascular revascularization (angioplasty-first approach) (n = 76) or hospital-based supervised exercise (n = 75). The outcome measures were clinical success, functional capacity, and quality of life after 6 and 12 months. Clinical success was defined as improvement in at least one category in the Rutherford scale above the pretreatment level. Significance of differences between the groups was assessed with the unpaired τ test, x2 test, or Mann-Whitney U test. To adjust outcomes for imbalances of baseline values, multi-variable regression analysis was performed. Results: Immediately after the start of treatment, patients who underwent revascularization improved more than patients who performed exercise in terms of clinical success (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 39; 99% confidence interval [CI]: 11, 131; P <.001), but this advantage was lost after 6 (adjusted OR, 0.9; 99% CI: 0.3, 2.3; P = .70) and 12 (adjusted OR, 1.1; 99% CI: 0.5, 2.8; P = .73) months. After revascularization, fewer patients showed signs of ipsilateral symptoms at 6 months compared with patients in the exercise group (adjusted OR, 0.4; 99% CI: 0.2, 0.9; P <.001), but no significant differences were demonstrated at 12 months. After both treatments, functional capacity and quality of life scores increased after 6 and 12 months, but no significant differences between the groups were demonstrated. Conclusion: After 6 and 12 months, patients with intermittent claudication benefited equally from either endovascular revascularization or supervised exercise. Improvement was, however, more immediate after revascularization.

Additional Metadata
Keywords aged, article, chi square distribution, clinical effectiveness, clinical trial, controlled clinical trial, controlled study, convalescence, exercise, female, follow up, functional status, human, institutional review, intermethod comparison, intermittent claudication, interventional radiology, kinesiotherapy, leg revascularization, major clinical study, male, nonparametric test, outcome assessment, pathophysiology, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, priority journal, quality of life, randomized controlled trial, regression analysis, stent, symptom, treatment outcome
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2501080607, hdl.handle.net/1765/18497
Citation
Spronk, S, Bosch, J.L, den Hoed, P.Th, Veen, H.F, Pattynama, P.M.T, & Hunink, M.G.M. (2009). Intermittent claudication: Clinical effectiveness of endovascular revascularization versus supervised hospital-based exercise training-randomized controlled trial. Radiology, 250(2), 586–595. doi:10.1148/radiol.2501080607