Fetal programming of infant neuromotor development: The generation R study
The objective of the study was to examine whether infant neuromotor development is determined by fetal size and body symmetry in the general population. This study was embedded within the Generation R Study, a population-based cohort in Rotterdam. In 2965 fetuses, growth parameters were measured in mid-pregnancy and late pregnancy. After birth, at age 9 to 15 wks, neuromotor development was assessed with an adapted version of Touwen's Neurodevelopmental Examination. Less optimal neuromotor development was defined as a score in the highest tertile. We found that higher fetal weight was beneficial to infant neurodevelopment. A fetus with a 1-SD score higher weight in mid-pregnancy had an 11% lower risk of less optimal neuromotor development (OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82-0.97). Similarly, a fetus with a 1-SD score larger abdominal-to-head circumference (AC/HC) ratio had a 13% lower risk of less optimal neuromotor development (OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.79-0.96). These associations were also present in late pregnancy. Our findings show that fetal size and body symmetry in pregnancy are associated with infant neuromotor development. These results suggest that differences in infant neuromotor development, a marker of behavioral and cognitive problems, are at least partly caused by processes occurring early in fetal life.
|Keywords||Netherlands, abdomen, adult, aging, anthropometry, article, birth weight, child development, controlled study, development and aging, echography, female, fetus, fetus development, fetus echography, fetus growth, fetus weight, gestational age, growth, head, head circumference, health survey, human, infant, major clinical study, male, motoneuron, motor development, nerve cell differentiation, nervous system, neuropsychological test, newborn, pathophysiology, population, pregnancy, prenatal development, priority journal, prospective study, psychomotor disorder, psychomotor performance, risk, risk assessment, risk factor|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181c2dc76, hdl.handle.net/1765/19285|
van Batenburg-Eddes, T., de Groot, L., Steegers, E.A.P., Hofman, A., Jaddoe, V.W.V., Verhulst, F.C., & Tiemeier, H.. (2010). Fetal programming of infant neuromotor development: The generation R study. Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology, 67(2), 132–137. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181c2dc76