A Dutch couple, presenting with persisting arthralgias, temporary fever and rash after a stay in Surinam were diagnosed with Mayaro virus infection. Mayaro virus is a relatively unknown South American Alphavirus responsible for dengue-like clinical features and persisting arthralgias. An important, but probably underappreciated cross-reactivity with other Alphaviruses like Chikungunya virus is present, which may become of clinical importance in the event the various Alphaviruses will have overlapping geographical distributions and in seroprevalence studies.

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Keywords Alphavirus, Chikungunya virus, Cross-reactivity, Mayaro virus, Surinam
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2010.06.009, hdl.handle.net/1765/20043
Hassing, R.J., Leparc-Goffart, I., Blank, S.N., Thevarayan, S., Tolou, H., van Doornum, G.J.J., & van Genderen, P.J.J.. (2010). Imported Mayaro virus infection in the Netherlands. Journal of Infection, 61(4), 343–345. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2010.06.009