Pompe disease is an inherited metabolic myopathy caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase. The introduction of enzyme replacement therapy as treatment for the disease may change prospects for patients and may require that more attention be paid to co-morbidities such as osteoporosis. Methods: Bone mineral status was assessed in children and adults with Pompe disease and compared with reference values by means of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) technology (GE Lunar DPX, GE Health Care). Bone mineral density (BMD) of the total body and the lumbar spine (L2-L4) was measured in adults and children; BMD of the femoral neck was measured in adults only. Exclusion criteria were: age < 4 years, severe contractures, and inability to transfer the patient. Results: 46 patients were enrolled in the study; 36 adults and 10 children. The BMD was significantly lower in Pompe patients than in healthy individuals. Sixty-seven percent of patients had a BMD Z-score below -1, 26% were classified as osteoporosis/low bone mass for chronological age (T-score < -2.5 in adults or Z-score < -2 in children), 66% had a BMD Z-score below -1 of the femoral neck, and 34% had a BMD Z-score below -1 for the lumbar spine. Osteoporosis/low bone mass for chronological age was more frequent in patients who were wheelchair-bound, but was also observed in ambulant patients. We found a significant correlation between proximal muscle strength and total body BMD. Of the 10 children, 8 (all four patients with the classic infantile form) had a low BMD. Conclusion: Low BMD is a frequent finding in patients with Pompe disease and may be causally related to decreased proximal muscle strength. BMD should be monitored at regular intervals. Children deserve specific attention.

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Keywords Bone densitometry, Metabolic muscle disease, Muscle strength, Osteoporosis, Pompe disease
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2010.06.021, hdl.handle.net/1765/20218
Note Article in press - dd August 2010
Citation
van den Berg, L.E.M, Zandbergen, A.A.M, van Capelle, C.I, de Vries, J.M, Hop, W.C.J, van den Hout, J.M.P, … van der Ploeg, A.T. (2010). Low bone mass in Pompe disease. Muscular strength as a predictor of bone mineral density. Bone, 47(3), 643–649. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2010.06.021