BACKGROUND: New-generation coronary stents that release zotarolimus or everolimus have been shown to reduce the risk of restenosis. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety between the two types of stents on the basis of prospectively adjudicated end points endorsed by the Food and Drug Administration. METHODS: In this multicenter, noninferiority trial with minimal exclusion criteria, we randomly assigned 2292 patients to undergo treatment with coronary stents releasing either zotarolimus or everolimus. Twenty percent of patients were randomly selected for repeat angiography at 13 months. The primary end point was target-lesion failure, defined as a composite of death from cardiac causes, any myocardial infarction (not clearly attributable to a nontarget vessel), or clinically indicated target-lesion revascularization within 12 months. The secondary angiographic end point was the extent of in-stent stenosis at 13 months. RESULTS: At least one off-label criterion for stent placement was present in 66% of patients. The zotarolimus-eluting stent was noninferior to the everolimus-eluting stent with respect to the primary end point, which occurred in 8.2% and 8.3% of patients, respectively (P<0.001 for noninferiority). There were no significant between-group differences in the rate of death from cardiac causes, any myocardial infarction, or revascularization. The rate of stent thrombosis was 2.3% in the zotarolimus-stent group and 1.5% in the everolimus-stent group (P = 0.17). The zotarolimus-eluting stent was also noninferior regarding the degree (±SD) of in-stent stenosis (21.65±14.42% for zotarolimus vs. 19.76±14.64% for everolimus, P = 0.04 for noninferiority). In-stent late lumen loss was 0.27±0.43 mm in the zotarolimus-stent group versus 0.19±0.40 mm in the everolimusstent group (P = 0.08). There were no significant between-group differences in the rate of adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: At 13 months, the new-generation zotarolimus-eluting stent was found to be noninferior to the everolimus-eluting stent in a population of patients who had minimal exclusion criteria.

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Keywords ST segment elevation myocardial infarction, angiography, article, cause of death, clinical trial, controlled clinical trial, controlled study, everolimus, female, food and drug administration, heart death, heart infarction, heart muscle revascularization, human in-stent restenosis, major clinical study, male, multicenter study, percutaneous coronary intervention, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, priority journal, randomized controlled trial, rapamycin, safety, stent thrombosis, zotarolimus
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1004130, hdl.handle.net/1765/20630
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Citation
Serruys, P.W.J.C, Silber, S, Garg, S.A, van Geuns, R.J.M, Richard, G, Buszman, P, … Ronden, J. (2010). Comparison of zotarolimus-eluting and everolimus-eluting coronary stents. New England Journal of Medicine, 363(2), 136–146. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1004130