The Girl Child Protection Scheme in Tamil Nadu was introduced in 1992; surveys and data analysis show that between the late 1990s and 2002-03, daughter elimination has declined sharply. However, a close look at the scheme reveals that its implementation is not targeted at districts with a high prevalence of female infanticide, that it assumes only poor families are anti-daughters, and given the sterilisation condition, that families with only daughters and strong son preference are not likely to volunteer. Also, to what extent it has altered attitudes towards daughters – one of its aims – is unclear.

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Bedi, A.S, & Srinivasan, S. (2009). Girl Child Protection Scheme in Tamil Nadu: An Appraisal. ISS Staff Group 1: Economics of Sustainable Development. Retrieved from