Three days of fasting protects mice against lethal renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We hypothesize that the protection imposed by fasting is mediated by increased levels of corticosterone, induced by the stress of food deprivation. C57Bl6 mice were fasted for 3 days after which serum corticosterone levels were determined. Mice underwent a bilateral adrenalectomy (ADX). Ten days later, they were either fasted or given a corticosterone receptor antagonist while fasting. Bilateral renal IR injury was induced by clamping the artery and vein of the left and right kidney simultaneously for 37 min. Survival and kidney function were determined. Fasting significantly increased corticosterone levels. Only 8% of the ADX mice which were fasted prior to IR injury survived, whereas all sham-ADX operated mice survived IR injury after fasting. After ADX and fasting, 70% of the mice subjected to sham IR succumbed to the surgical procedure. After fasting with concomitant blockade of the glucocorticoid receptor all animals survived renal IR. Three days of fasting protects against IR injury and increases serum corticosterone levels. ADX renders mice incapable of withstanding subsequent abdominal surgery. Glucocorticoid receptor blockade does not interfere with the protective effects of fasting. Thus, the protection against renal IR injury induced by preoperative fasting is mediated by corticosterone-independent mechanisms.

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Keywords adrenalectomy, animal experiment, animal model, animal tissue, artery clamp, article, controlled study, corticosterone, corticosterone blood level, diet restriction, dietary restriction, food deprivation, glucocorticoid receptor, glucocorticoid receptor blockage, kidney function, kidney ischemia, male, mifepristone, mouse, nonhuman, preoperative nutrition, preoperative period, priority journal, receptor blocking, renal ischemia and reperfusion injury, renal protection, reperfusion injury, survival rate
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van Ginhoven, T.M., van den Berg, J.W., Dik, W.A., IJzermans, J.N.M., & de Bruin, R.W.. (2010). Preoperative fasting induces protection against renal ischemiareperfusion injury by a corticosterone-independent mechanism. Transplant International, 23(11), 1171–1178. doi:10.1111/j.1432-2277.2010.01116.x