Purpose: In patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the paclitaxel-eluting stent, we examined whether patient-rated health status predicts adverse clinical events. Methods: Consecutive PCI patients treated with drug-eluting stenting (N = 870; 72.2% men; mean age = 62.6 ± 11.5) completed the EQ-5D post-PCI. The EQ-5D levels were dichotomized into 'no problems' (level 1) versus 'problems' (levels 2, 3); the visual analogue scale (VAS) was dichotomized using the 25th percentile (cut-off ≤60) indicating poor health status. Patients were followed up for 1-year clinical events (death or non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI)). Results: There were 53 deaths/MIs at follow-up. The EQ-5D health status dimensions mobility (HR:2.23; 95% CI:1.25-3.97), self-care (HR:3.09; 95% CI:1.54-6.20), and self-reported health status as measured with the EQ-VAS (HR:2.94; 95% CI:1.65-5.25) were independent predictors of death/MI and added to the predictive value of a model comprised of demographic and clinical characteristics. The EQ-5D dimensions usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression were not associated with adverse clinical events in adjusted analysis. Conclusions: Patient-rated health status predicted adverse clinical events at 1-year follow-up in PCI patients treated with drug-eluting stenting, with the risk being more than 2-fold independent of disease severity and other demographic and clinical characteristics. It may be timely to adopt standard assessment of health status in clinical practice.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Health status, Mortality, Paclitaxel-eluting stent, Percutaneous coronary intervention
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9775-5, hdl.handle.net/1765/22146
Citation
Pedersen, S.S, Versteeg, H, Denollet, J, Cheng, J.M, Serruys, P.W.J.C, & van Domburg, R.T. (2010). Patient-rated health status predicts prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stenting. Quality of Life Research, 1–9. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9775-5