We have tested the effect of the individual DNase I hypersensitive site (HS) regions of the globin locus control region (LCR) on the developmental expression pattern of the human gamma and beta genes in transgenic mice. The results show that HS3 is the most active site during the embryonic period. It is also the only site capable of high level expression of the gamma genes during fetal hematopoiesis, in a population of cells that are capable of expressing both the gamma and beta genes. Region HS4 shows the highest activity during the adult stage and expresses the gamma genes only at low levels during the embryonic period. HS2 drives equivalent levels of gamma or beta transgene expression throughout development. HS1 has a similar pattern to HS2, although the activity of HS1 is very low. From these results we conclude that the HS regions have distinct developmental specificities and suggest that in the complete LCR they interact with each other to form a larger complex which, in turn, interacts with the globin genes.

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Keywords *Gene Expression Regulation, *Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid, 9004-22-2 (Globins), Animals, Cloning, Molecular, Embryo and Fetal Development/genetics, Globins/*genetics, Human, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred CBA, Mice, Transgenic, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/2477
Antoniou, M., Grosveld, F.G., Pruzina, S., & Fraser, P.. (1993). Each hypersensitive site of the human β-globin Locus Control Region confers a different developmental pattern of expression to the globin genes.. Genes & Development, 7, 106–113. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/2477