Previous studies suggest postnatal blood pressure in preterm infants to be decreased by chorioamnionitis and increased by antenatal steroids (AS). We examined the adjusted effects of both antenatal modulators on postnatal blood pressure (BP), with separate effects reported for histologic chorioamnionitis with or without fetal involvement and timing of AS. General characteristics, BP, and heart rate values during the first 72 h after birth were obtained from 271 infants with gestational, age ≤32.0 wk. In unadjusted analyses, chorioamnionitis was associated with lower BP, most prominently so in infants with fetal involvement, without an effect on hypotension incidence. AS increased BP and decreased the incidence of hypotension when administered within 7 d before birth. In a multivariable mixed model analysis, the AS effect remained significant, whereas chorioamnionitis was not independently predictive of postnatal BP. Other variables associated with increased postnatal BP were gestational age and umbilical artery pH, whereas hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome was associated with decreased BP. In conclusion, AS seem to increase postnatal BP and decrease hypotension in preterm infants when given within 7 d before birth. Conversely, chorioamnionitis did not significantly affect postnatal BP after multivariable adjustment. Copyright

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Been, J.V., Kornelisse, R.F., Rours, G.I.J.G., Passos, V.L., de Krijger, R.R., & Zimmermann, L.J.I.. (2009). Early postnatal blood pressure in preterm infants: Effects of chorioamnionitis and timing of antenatal steroids. Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology, 66(5), 571–576. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181b7c4da