Background: Full-thickness chest wall resection (CWR) is the preferred treatment for breast cancer (BC) patients with extensive isolated locoregional recurrence. It remains a challenge to select patients that will benefit most from this treatment. The aim of this study was to define prognostic factors in patients who undergo CWR with curative intent. Methods: BC patients who underwent a CWR with curative intent for recurrence of disease between 1986 and 2006 were included in this retrospective study. Twenty-two factors were studied in a univariate analyses, and multivariate stepwise Cox regression analyses was performed. Results: Seventy-seven patients were included in this study. The 5-year overall survival was 25%. There was one postoperative death. Univariate analyses showed that three prognostic factors were significantly correlated with OS and disease-free survival: (1) interval between primary treatment and CWR (P = .02 and .004, respectively), (2) chemotherapy for recurrence (P = .05 and .05, respectively), and (3) resection specimen smaller than 150 cm2(P = .03 and .009, respectively). An interval lasting >10 years between primary treatment and CWR remained statistically significantly correlated with better overall survival and disease-free survival after multivariate analyses. Conclusions: CWR is a safe treatment in patients who have isolated extensive BC recurrence. The best survival outcome was seen in patients after a disease-free interval of >10 years. Existing data show that adjuvant radiotherapy and adjuvant hormone therapy for estrogen-positive tumors improves overall survival. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be considered in individual patients.

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van der Pol, C., van Geel, A.N., Menke-Pluymers, M.B.E., Schmitz, P.I.M., & Lans, T.. (2009). Prognostic factors in 77 curative chest wall resections for isolated breast cancer recurrence. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 16(12), 3414–3421. doi:10.1245/s10434-009-0662-7