Objective and perceived availability of physical activity opportunities: Differences in associations with physical activity behavior among urban adolescents
Background: This study examined the associations of the perceived and objective environment with adolescent engagement in sports activities and walking and cycling in leisure time. It also explored the degree of agreement between objective and perceived availability of physical activity (PA) facilities in neighborhoods. Methods: Cross-sectional data on physical activity, the perceived availability of physical activity opportunities (perceived physical environment) was assessed through a questionnaire and the objective availability of PA opportunities (objective physical environment) was obtained through GIS data. The final sample included 654 adolescents with a mean age of 14.1 (SD = 1.2) years. Results: Perceived availability of sports facilities and parks was significantly associated with engaging in sports (OR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.16-2.56) and with walking and cycling in leisure time (OR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.07-2.57) respectively. Agreement between objective and perceived environment was low to moderate with Kappa values ranging from -0.005 to 0.053. Conclusion: The perceived environment was the stronger correlate of PA behavior among adolescents. There were substantial differences between assessments of objective and perceived physical environment.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-6-70, hdl.handle.net/1765/25341|
Prins, R.G., Oenema, A., van der Horst, K., & Brug, J.. (2009). Objective and perceived availability of physical activity opportunities: Differences in associations with physical activity behavior among urban adolescents. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-6-70