Regular colonoscopic surveillance for detection of dysplasia is recommended in longstanding inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), however, its sensitivity is disputed. Screening accuracy may increase by using a biomarker-based surveillance strategy.A case-control study was performed to determine the prognostic value of DNA ploidy and p53 in IBD-related neoplasia. Cases with IBD-related colorectal cancer (CRC), detected in our surveillance program between 1985-2008, were selected and matched with two controls, for age, gender, disease characteristics, interval of follow-up, PSC, and previous surgery. Biopsies were assessed for DNA ploidy, p53, grade of inflammation and neoplasia. Progression to neoplasia was analyzed with Cox regression analysis, adjusting for potentially confounding variables.Adjusting for age, we found statistically significant Hazard ratios (HR) between development of CRC, and low grade dysplasia (HR5.5; 95%CI 2.6-11.5), abnormal DNA ploidy (DNA index (DI) 1.06-1.34, HR4.7; 95%CI 2.9-7.8 and DI>1.34, HR6.6; 95%CI 3.7-11.7) and p53 immunopositivity (HR3.0; 95%CI 1.9-4.7) over time. When adjusting for all confounders, abnormal DNA ploidy (DI 1.06-1.34, HR4.7; 95%CI 2.7-7.9 and DI>1.34, HR5.0; 95%CI 2.5-10.0) and p53 immunopositivity (HR1.7; 95%CI 1.0-3.1) remained statistically significant predictive of neoplasia. In longstanding IBD, abnormal DNA ploidy and p53 immunopositivity are important risk factors of developing CRC. The yield of surveillance may potentially increase by adding these biomarkers to the routine assessment of biopsies.

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Keywords 10-Year follow-up, Abnormal DNA ploidy, Biomedicine, Biomedicine general, Cancer Research, Cell Biology, Colorectal cancer, Crohns-disease, DNA-Aneuploidy, Dysplasia, Flow-Cytometry, Guidelines, Inflammatory bowel disease, Oncology, P53, Pathology, Risk-factor, Standing ulcerative-colitis, Surveillance, p53 immunopositivity
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Gerrits, M.M., Chen, M., Theeuwes, J.J.M., van Dekken, H., Sikkema, M., Steyerberg, E.W., … Kuipers, E.J.. (2011). Biomarker-based prediction of inflammatory bowel disease-related colorectal cancer: a case–control study. Cellular Oncology, 34(2), 107–117. doi:10.1007/s13402-010-0006-4