Aim: To determine the effect of neutral oligosaccharides [small-chain galacto-oligosaccharides/long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS)] in combination with acidic oligosaccharides (pAOS) on stool viscosity, stool frequency and stool pH in preterm infants. Methods: In this explorative RCT, preterm infants with gestational age <32weeks and/or birth weight <1500g received enteral supplementation with scGOS/lcFOS/pAOS or placebo (maltodextrin) between days 3 and 30 of life. Stool samples were collected at day 30 after birth. Results: In total, 113 infants were included. Baseline and nutritional characteristics were not different between both groups. Stool viscosity at day 30 was lower in the prebiotics group (16.8N) (3.9-67.8) compared with the placebo group (26.3N) (1.3-148.0) (p=0.03; 95% CI -0.80 to 0.03). There was a trend towards higher stool frequency in the prebiotics group (3.1±0.8) compared with the placebo group (2.8±0.7) (p=0.15; 95% CI -0.08 to 0.52). Stool pH at day 30 was lower in the in the prebiotics group (5.9±0.6) compared with the placebo group (6.2±0.3) (p=0.009; 95% CI 0.08 to 0.53). Conclusions: Enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture consisting of neutral (scGOS/lcFOS) and acidic oligosaccharides (pAOS) decreases stool viscosity and stool pH with a trend towards increased stool frequency in preterm infants. The inclusion of pAOS in a formula containing a mixture of scGOS/lcFOS does not add specific advantages to the formula in terms of stool viscosity, frequency, pH as well as feeding tolerance. © 2011 The Author(s)/Acta Pædiatrica

Additional Metadata
Keywords Nutrition, Prebiotics, Preterm infants, Stool characteristics
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02295.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/26441
Citation
Westerbeek, E., Hensgens, R., Mihatsch, W., Boehm, G., Lafeber, H.N., & van Elburg, R.M.. (2011). The effect of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides on stool viscosity, stool frequency and stool pH in preterm infants. Acta Paediatrica: promoting child health. doi:10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02295.x