Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the retroperitoneum in a young woman resulting in an abdominal chyloma
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is an extremely rare neoplasm which appears to have predominancy for young, frequently Asian, women. The neoplasm is composed chiefly of HMB-45-positive epithelioid cells with clear to granular cytoplasm and usually showing a perivascular distribution. These tumors have been reported in various organs under a variety of designations. Malignant PEComas exist but are very rare. The difficulty in determining optimal therapy, owing to the sparse literature available, led us to present this case. We report a retroperitoneal PEComa discovered during emergency surgery for abdominal pain in a 28-year-old Asian woman. The postoperative period was complicated by chylous ascites that was initially controlled by a wait-and-see policy with total parenteral nutrition. However, the chyle production gradually increased to more than 4 l per day. The development of a bacterial peritonitis resulted in cessation of production of abdominal fluid permitting normal nutrition without chylous leakage. Effective treatment for this rare complication of PEComa is not yet known; therefore, we have chosen to engage in long-term clinical follow-up.
|Keywords||Chylous, PEComa, Retroperitoneum|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-007-0462-y, hdl.handle.net/1765/26967|
Lans, T, van Ramshorst, G.H, Hermans, J.J, den Bakker, M.A, Tran, T.C, & Kazemier, G. (2009). Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the retroperitoneum in a young woman resulting in an abdominal chyloma. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 13(2), 389–392. doi:10.1007/s11605-007-0462-y