Because of their ability to perfuse remote regions and deliver oxygen, hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) may be considered in the treatment of several ischemic conditions such as acute coronary syndromes or high-risk percutaneous intervention. Here we studied the effects of intracoronary infusion of ex vivo preoxygenated HBOC-201 during brief total coronary artery occlusion (CAOs) on myocardial oxygenation and left ventricular (LV) function in a large animal model and investigated the influence of HBOC-201 temperature and infusion rate on these effects. Thirteen open-chest anesthetized swine were instrumented for measurement of global and regional LV function and metabolism. CAOs were induced by inflating an intracoronary balloon catheter; preoxygenated HBOC-201 (12 g/dL) was infused distally through the central lumen of the balloon catheter. Animals underwent consecutive 3-min CAOs interspersed by 30 min of reperfusion, accompanied by different HBOC-201 infusion rates (0, 15, 23, 30, 40, and 50 ml/min) and/or two infusion temperatures (18° C or 37° C) in random order. CAO elicited immediate loss of systolic shortening (SS) in the ischemic region (19 ± 1% at baseline vs. -3 ± 2% at end of CAO), resulting in decreases in maximum rate of rise in LV pressure (15 ± 5%) and stroke volume (12 ± 4%; all P < 0.05). Balloon deflation resulted in marked coronary reactive hyperemia (to 472 ± 74% of baseline), increases in coronary venous concentrations of adenosine + inosine (to 218 ± 26% of baseline; both P < 0.05) and rapid restoration of SS toward baseline. HBOC-201 ameliorated the CAO-induced changes in SS, stroke volume, reactive hyperemia, and coronary venous adenosine ± inosine. The effects were temperature and flow dependent with full preservation of SS at 50 ml/min HBOC-201 of 37° C. In conclusion, intracoronary preoxygenated HBOC-201 preserved myocardial oxygenation and LV function in swine during CAO in a dose- and temperature-dependent manner. In our study setting, preoxygenated HBOC-201 can match the oxygen delivery role of endogenous blood in the heart on an almost equivalent-volume basis. Copyright

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Keywords Coronary blood flow, Intracoronary infusion, Left ventricular function, Myocardial metabolism
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Hekkert, M.T.L., Dubé, G.P., Regar, E.S., de Boer, M., Vranckx, P., van der Giessen, W.J., … Duncker, D.J.G.M.. (2010). Preoxygenated hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier HBOC-201 annihilates myocardial ischemia during brief coronary artery occlusion in pigs. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 298(3). doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00667.2009