LRRK2 mutations can cause familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) with Lewy-body pathology at post-mortem. Studies of olfaction in LRRK2 are sparse and incongruent. We applied a previously validated translation of the 16 item smell identification test from Sniffin' Sticks (SS-16) to 14 parkinsonian carriers of heterozygous G2019S LRRK2 mutation and compared with 106 PD patients and 118 healthy controls. The mean SS-16 score in LRRK2 was higher than in PD (p < 0.001, 95% CI for β = -4.7 to -1.7) and lower than in controls (p = 0.007, 95% CI for β = +0.6 to +3.6). In the LRRK2 group, subjects with low scores had significantly more dyskinesia. They also had younger age of onset, longer disease duration, and reported less frequently a family history of PD, but none of these other differences reached significance. Odor identification is diminished in LRRK2 parkinsonism but not to the same extent as in idiopathic PD.

Additional Metadata
Keywords LRRK2, Olfaction, PARK8, Parkinsonism, Smell
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.23325, hdl.handle.net/1765/28097
Citation
Silveira-Moriyama, L., Munhoz, R.P., de Carvalho, M., Raskin, S., Rogaeva, E., Bressan, R.A., … Lees, A.J.. (2010). Olfactory heterogeneity in LRRK2 related Parkinsonism. Movement Disorders, 25(16), 2879–2883. doi:10.1002/mds.23325