Student assessment in community settings: a comprehensive approach
Student assessment in community settings presents problems for medical teachers, e.g. difficulties in assessing the contribution of individual members to group work, and lack of test standardization due to varying field conditions. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan is a community-oriented, community-based medical school which has adopted a comprehensive approach to student assessment in community settings using various methods, including peer assessment, a supervisory checklist, community feedback, reports from students, short essay questions (SEQs) and multiple choice questions (MCQs). Each method focuses on a specific aspect of the objectives of the community-based programme and is weighted in the final grade according to the extent to which objectives were covered. This assessment programme contrasts with the conventional teacher-centred approach, and is continuously monitored and improved using a variety of sources of information. A total of 105 students participated in a study designed to measure the reliability and validity of this approach. The reliability of the methods was tested by computing the alpha coefficient and was found to range between 0.77 and 0.92. This was considered acceptable. The validity of the instruments was examined using confirmatory factor analysis, and their content validity was reviewed. The results show that the comprehensive approach used is fairly valid. It is suggested that the University's approach is successful in solving some of the problems of student assessment in community settings.
|Keywords||Clinical competence, Community medicine, education, Competency-based education, Developing countries, Education, medical, undergraduate, methods, Sudan|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.1998.00151.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/2899|
Schmidt, H.G., Abdel-Hameed, A.A., Dolmans, D.H.J.M., Mustafa, S.E., & Mohi Eldin, M.E.M.. (1998). Student assessment in community settings: a comprehensive approach. Medical Education, 32(1), 50–59. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2923.1998.00151.x