Age-specific differences in oncogenic pathway deregulation seen in human breast tumors
Purpose. To define the biology driving the aggressive nature of breast cancer arising in young women. Experimental Design. Among 784 patients with early stage breast cancer, using prospectively-defined, age-specific cohorts (young ≤45 years; older ≥65 years), 411 eligible patients (n = 200≤545 years; n = 211≥65 years) with clinically-annotated Affymetrix microarray data were identified. GSEA, signatures of oncogenic pathway deregulation and predictors of chemotherapy sensitivity were evaluated within the two age-defined cohorts. Results. In comparing deregulation of oncogenic pathways between age groups, a higher probability of P13K (p = 0.006) and Myc (p = 0.03) pathway deregulation was observed in breast tumors arising in younger women. When evaluating unique patterns of pathway deregulation, a low probability of Src and E2F deregulation in tumors of younger women, concurrent with a higher probability of P13K, Myc, and β-catenin, conferred a worse prognosis (HR = 4.15). In contrast, a higher probability of Src and E2F pathway activation in tumors of older women, with concurrent low probability of P13K, Myc and β-catenin deregulation, was associated with poorer outcome (HR = 2.7). In multivariate analyses, genomic clusters of pathway deregulation illustrate prognostic value. Conclusion. Results demonstrate that breast cancer arising in young women represents a distinct biologic entity characterized by unique patterns of deregulated signaling pathways that are prognostic, independent of currently available clinico-pathologic variables. These results should enable refinement of targeted treatment strategies in this clinically challenging situation. Copyright.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001373, hdl.handle.net/1765/30541|
Anders, C.K., Acharya, C.R., Hsu, D.S., Broadwater, G., Garman, K., Foekens, J.A., … Potti, A.. (2008). Age-specific differences in oncogenic pathway deregulation seen in human breast tumors. PLoS ONE, 3(1). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001373