Objective: This paper explores the determinants of road traffic crash fatalities in India. As potential factors, the analysis considers, besides income, the sociodemographic populationstructure, motorization levels, road and health infrastructure and road rule enforcement. Methods: An original panel data set covering 25 Indian states is analyzed using multivariate regression analysis. Time and state fixed effects account for unobserved heterogeneity across states and time. Results: Rising motorization, urbanization and the accompanying increase in the share of vulnerable road users, i.e. pedestrians and two-wheelers, are the major drivers of road traffic crash fatalities in India. Among vulnerable road users, women form a particularly high risk group. Higher expenditure per policeman is associated with a lower fatality rate. Conclusion: The results suggest that India should focus, in particular, on road infrastructure investments that allow the separation of vulnerable from other road users, on improved road rule enforcement and should pay special attention to vulnerable female road users.

Additional Metadata
Keywords India, road rule enforcement, traffic safety, transportation, urbanization, vulnerable road users
Publisher Erasmus University Rotterdam
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/30884
Citation
Grimm, M., & Treibich, C.. (2012). Determinants of road traffic crash fatalities across Indian States (No. 531). ISS Working Paper Series / General Series (Vol. 531, pp. 1–28). Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/30884