A theoretical distinction within self-control, between stop control and start control, was investigated in two studies. Study 1 consisted of a pilot study in which expert ratings of existing self-control items were used to distinguish between stop and start control items and a confirmatory factor analyses of these items using a student sample (N=474). Also, stop and start control were related to overall affect and behavioural outcomes. Stop control was negatively related to negative affect, whereas start control was positively related to positive affect. Study 2 (N=226) replicated some of these findings; stop control was the best predictor (-) of smoking and alcohol consumption whereas start control was the best predictor (+) of exercising and studying.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Affect, Self-control, Start control, Stop control
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/per.796, hdl.handle.net/1765/30903
Citation
de Boer, B.J, van Hooft, E.A.J, & Bakker, A.B. (2011). Stop and start control: A distinction within self-control. European Journal of Personality, 25(5), 349–362. doi:10.1002/per.796