We describe the incorporation of a single-fiber reflectance spectroscopy probe into the endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) procedure utilized for lung cancer staging. A mathematical model is developed to extract information about the physiological and morphological properties of lymph tissue from singlefiber reflectance spectra, e.g., microvascular saturation, blood volume fraction, bilirubin concentration, average vessel diameter, and Mie slope. Model analysis of data from a clinical pilot study shows that the single-fiber reflectance measurement is capable of detecting differences in the physiology between normal and metastatic lymph nodes. Moreover, the clinical data show that probe manipulation within the lymph node can perturb the in vivo environment, a concern that must be carefully considered when developing a sampling strategy. The data show the feasibility of this novel technique; however, the potential clinical utility has yet to be determined.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Biomedical optics, Fiber optic applications, Medicine, Spectroscopy, Tissue diagnostics
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3290822, hdl.handle.net/1765/33150
Citation
Kanick, S.C., van der Leest, K.H., Aerts, J.G.J.V., Hoogsteden, H.C., Kaščáková, S., Sterenborg, H.J.C.M., & Amelink, A.. (2010). Integration of single-fiber reflectance spectroscopy into ultrasound-guided endoscopic lung cancer staging of mediastinal lymph nodes. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 15(1). doi:10.1117/1.3290822