The perinatal changes in the pattern of expression of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) isoforms TRα1TRα2, TRβ1, and TRβ2were investigated using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, and RT-PCR and western blotting as visualization and quantification techniques respectively. In liver, lung, and kidney, TRα mRNA was expressed in the stromal and TRβ mRNA in the parenchymal component of the tissues. When compared with liver, TRα mRNA concentrations were tenfold higher in lung, kidney, and intestine, and 100-fold higher in brain, with TRα2mRNA concentrations exceeding those of TRα15- to 10-fold. Tissue TRβ1mRNA concentrations were similar in liver, lung, and brain, and 3- to 5-fold higher in kidney and intestine. None of the TRβ2mRNA could be detected outside the pituitary. Tissue TRα2and TRβ1protein levels reached adult levels at 5 days before birth, whereas TRα1protein peaked after birth. Because of the distinct time-course of thyroid hormone-binding receptors TRα1and TRβ1, we speculate that an initiating, TRβ1-mediated signaling from the parenchyma is followed by a TRα1-mediated response in the stroma. When compared with organs with a complementary parenchymal-stromal expression pattern, organs with extensive cellular co-expression of TRα and TRβ (brain and intestinal epithelium) were characterized by a very low TRα protein: mRNA ratio, implying a low translational efficiency of TR mRNA or a high turnover of TR protein. The data indicate that the TR-dependent regulatory cascades are controlled differently in organs with a complementary tissue expression pattern and in those with cellular co-expression of the TRα and TRβ genes.

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Journal Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Keijzer, R, Bloommaart, P.-J.E, Labruyére, W.T, Vermeulen, J.L.M, Zandieh Doulabi, B, Bakker, O, … Lamers, W.H. (2007). Expression of thyroid hormone receptors A and B in developing rat tissues: Evidence for extensive posttranscriptional regulation. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, 38(5-6), 523–535. doi:10.1677/jme.1.02125