Diagnostic value of dengue virus-specific IgA and IgM serum antibody detection.
The diagnostic value of dengue virus (DV)-specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) serum antibody detection, by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was evaluated. For this study, the kinetics of DV-specific IgA serum antibodies was analysed in two experimentally immunised macaques, paired samples from 35 patients suspected of a primary or secondary DV infection, paired sera from patients with high levels of IgA specific antibodies against influenza virus (n = 15), sera from patients with other viral infections (n = 40) and healthy blood donors (n = 10), which served as controls. The presence of DV-specific IgA serum antibodies in humans and in monkeys was compared with that of DV-specific IgM demonstrated in a capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The development of DV-specific IgA and IgM antibodies in macaques proved to be similar to that observed in humans with a DV infection. In sera obtained from suspected primary DV patients during the acute phase and convalescent phase, DV-specific IgA was detected in 1/6 (17%) and 6/6 (100%), whereas IgM was detected in 4/6 (67%) and 5/6 (83%), respectively. In sera from suspected secondary DV patients during the acute phase and convalescent phase, DV-specific IgA was detected in 18/29 (62%) and 28/29 (97%), whereas IgM was detected in 20/29 (69%) and 28/29 (97%), respectively. The control group consisted of five paired serum samples from yellow fever vaccinated individuals and a patient with acute tick-borne encephalitis, 15 paired serum samples from patients with high levels of IgA antibodies specific for influenza virus and 40 serum samples from patients with specific IgM antibodies against other viruses. Ten serum samples from healthy blood donors were included. Among the control serum samples, in one patient, both DV-specific IgA and IgM antibodies were present, and in three sera DV-specific IgM antibodies could be demonstrated. These data suggest that detection of DV-specific IgA serum antibodies by IFA may have additional value for the diagnosis of DV infection.
|Keywords||*Antibody Specificity, 0 (Antibodies, Viral), 0 (Immunoglobulin A), 0 (Immunoglobulin M), 0 (Viral Vaccines), Animals, Antibodies, Viral/blood, Dengue Virus/*immunology, Dengue/*diagnosis/immunology, Disease Models, Animal, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect, Human, Immunoglobulin A/*blood, Immunoglobulin M/*blood, Macaca fascicularis, Vaccination, Viral Vaccines/administration & dosage/immunology|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1286-4579(99)00208-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/3689|
Groen, J., Velzing, J., Copra, C., Balentien, E., Deubel, V., Vorndam, V., & Osterhaus, A.D.M.E.. (1999). Diagnostic value of dengue virus-specific IgA and IgM serum antibody detection.. Microbes and Infection: a journal on infectious agents and host defenses, 1(13), 1085–1090. doi:10.1016/S1286-4579(99)00208-7