Intravenous carbon dioxide as an echocardiographic contrast agent
Intravenous carbon dioxide (CO2) was employed to cause echocardiographic contrast in 40 patients. One to 3 cc of medically pure CO2 were agitated with 5 to 8 cc of 5% dextrose in water and rapidly injected into an upper extremity vein. Contrast was obtained in all patients. In 33 patients contrast density from 5% dextrose was compared with that from 5% dextrose-CO2 injections. Six of these patients had no contrast on the initial 5% dextrose injection and definite contrast with the subsequent injection containing CO2. Of the 33, 12 patients had initial contrast with 5% dextrose injections and greater contrast density when CO2 was added; 15 showed no definite difference; and none had less contrast with intravenous CO2-5% dextrose than with 5% dextrose alone. Intravenous CO2-5% dextrose is a useful method of increasing contrast in those patients who fail to demonstrate echocardiographic contrast when routine techniques are employed. It is also safe, provided precautions emphasized in this paper are observed.
|Keywords||*Contrast Media, 0 (Contrast Media), 124-38-9 (Carbon Dioxide), 50-99-7 (Glucose), Carbon Dioxide/administration & dosage/*diagnostic use, Echocardiography/*methods, Glucose/administration & dosage, Human, Injections, Intravenous|
Meltzer, R.S., Serruys, P.W.J.C., Hugenholtz, P.G., & Roelandt, J.R.T.C.. (1981). Intravenous carbon dioxide as an echocardiographic contrast agent. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, 9, 127–131. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4044