Left ventricular function during transluminal angioplasty: a haemodynamic and angiographic study
The response of left ventricular function, was studied in a series of patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). From 4 to 6 balloon inflations procedures per patient were performed with an average duration per occlusion of 51 +/- 12 sec (mean +/- SD), total occlusion time 252 +/- 140 sec. Analysis of left ventricular (LV) haemodynamics showed that the relaxation parameters peak negative rate of change in pressure and the early time constant of relaxation responded earliest to acute coronary occlusion while other parameters such as peak pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure, and peak positive rate of change of pressure responded more gradually and suggested a progressive depression in myocardial mechanics during the entire procedure. LV angiogram available in 14 patients indicate an early onset of asynchronous relaxation concurrent with the early response in peak -dP/dt and the time constant of early relaxation. All haemodynamic parameters fully recovered within minutes after the end of PTCA. The results of this study indicate no permanent dysfunction to global or regional myocardial mechanics, after PTCA with 4 to 6 coronary occlusions each lasting 40 to 60 seconds.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon, Angiography, Blood Pressure, Coronary Disease/therapy, Heart Rate, Heart Ventricles/*physiopathology/radiography, Hemodynamic Processes, Human, Stroke Volume|
Serruys, P.W.J.C., Wijns, W., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., Mey, S., Schuurbiers, J.C.H., Hugenholtz, P.G., … Slager, C.J.. (1984). Left ventricular function during transluminal angioplasty: a haemodynamic and angiographic study. Acta Medica Scandinavica, Supplement, 694, 197–206. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4125