Assessment of dimensions and image quality of coronary contrast catheters from cineangiograms
In the quantitative assessment of coronary arterial dimensions from coronary cineangiograms, the contrast catheter is usually used as a scaling device, requiring the definition of the catheter contours by semi- or fully automated contour detection procedures. The image quality of the x-ray radiated catheter is dependent on the catheter material, concentration of the contrast agent in the catheter, and kilovoltage of the x-ray source. The effects of these variables on the image quality and accuracy of the size-measurement of the filmed catheters were studied for four different catheter materials: woven dacron (wd), polyvinylchloride (pv), polyurethane (pu), and nylon. The following parameters were studied: measured size, image contrast, and average brightness gradient along the edges of the displayed catheters. The average differences of the angiographically measured size with the true size for the wd, pv, pu, and nylon catheters were +0.2, -3.2, -3.5, and +9.8%, respectively. The image contrast at various fillings of the catheters was roughly identical for the wd, pv, and pu catheters, and significantly lower for the nylon catheter. Image gradient was highest for the wd catheter, followed by the pv and pu catheters, and lowest for the nylon catheter. From these data it may be concluded that the woven dacron catheter is most suitable for quantitative coronary angiographic studies. The polyvinylchloride and polyurethane catheters perform about equally well but slightly less than the woven dacron catheter. The nylon catheter should not be used for such quantitative studies.
|Keywords||*Cineangiography, *Radiographic Image Enhancement, 0 (Nylons), 0 (Polyethylene Terephthalates), 0 (Polyurethanes), 9002-86-2 (Polyvinyl Chloride), Comparative Study, Heart Catheterization/*instrumentation, Human, Nylons, Polyethylene Terephthalates, Polyurethanes, Polyvinyl Chloride, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Reiber, J.H.C., Kooijman, C.J., Serruys, P.W.J.C., & den Boer, A.. (1985). Assessment of dimensions and image quality of coronary contrast catheters from cineangiograms. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 11, 521–531. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4157