Effect of flecainide on regional left ventricular wall motion after acute intravenous, acute oral and chronic oral administration late after coronary artery bypass grafting
Epicardial marker motion was measured in 14 patients before flecainide administration, immediately after an intravenous dose of 2 mg/kg over 15 minutes (maximum 150 mg) and 15 minutes thereafter. Platinum epicardial markers had been implanted more than 4 years earlier at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting. Maximal and minimal marker separation (Lmax and Lmin) during the cardiac cycle were measured and regional shortening fraction (Lmax - Lmin)/Lmax) was determined as a percentage. After intravenous flecainide, a significant increase in end-diastolic (immediately after 2.8%; after 15 minutes 2.1%) and end-systolic (3.6% and 3.2%) regional dimensions was observed, together with a decrease in regional myocardial shortening (9.3% and 9.0%). One week later, after a single oral dose of 200 mg of flecainide, Lmax and Lmin had increased 2.4% and 2.7%, while regional myocardial shortening did not differ significantly from baseline values. In 10 patients measurements were repeated after 6 weeks of chronic oral treatment with 300 mg/day. Despite plasma flecainide levels similar to those after intravenous administration, no significant changes in end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions or regional shortening fraction were observed. Thus, acute intravenous or oral flecainide administration increases regional end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions, but only intravenous administration decreases regional shortening fraction. Values during chronic administration indicate that regional myocardial function is more affected at the time of rising or acutely changing flecainide plasma levels than when stable plasma levels are achieved.
|Keywords||*Coronary Artery Bypass, 0 (Anti-Arrhythmia Agents), 0 (Piperidines), 54143-55-4 (Flecainide), Administration, Oral, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/*administration & dosage/pharmacology, Comparative Study, Drug Administration Schedule, Electrocardiography, Flecainide, Human, Infusions, Parenteral, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Contraction/*drug effects, Piperidines/*administration & dosage/pharmacology, Time Factors|
Vanhaleweyk, G.L.J., ten Katen, H.J., Brower, R.W., & Serruys, P.W.J.C.. (1986). Effect of flecainide on regional left ventricular wall motion after acute intravenous, acute oral and chronic oral administration late after coronary artery bypass grafting. The American Journal of Cardiology, 58, 470–475. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4194