Coronary angioplasty of the unstable angina related vessel in patients with multivessel disease
This study is a retrospective analysis of the efficacy of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the ischaemia-related vessel in patients with unstable angina. Forty-three patients had multivessel disease with dilatation of the ischaemia-related vessel only (group I; partial revascularization) while 111 patients had single vessel disease only (group II; total revascularization). The initial success rate in both groups was identical (88 versus 88%). The need for emergency coronary artery bypass surgery was similar in the two groups (group I 12% versus group II 9%; NS). The total post PTCA myocardial infarction rate (despite urgent CABG) was also similar in the two groups (group I 9% versus group II 10%; NS). The results of electrocardiographic exercise testing and Thallium-201 scintigraphy provide objective evidence for incomplete revascularization in group I. The maximum workload achieved was lower, and the frequency of exercise induced angina, ST-segment depression and reversible perfusion defect was higher than in group II. Moreover, at 6 months follow-up the recurrence rate of angina pectoris rate was higher in group I than in group II (29% versus 16% P less than 0.05). It is concluded that dilatation of the ischaemia related vessel only in patients with unstable angina and multivessel disease is as effective in the management of the acute phase of unstable angina as is dilatation of the ischaemia related vessel in patients with single vessel disease. However, due to only partial revascularization the recurrence rate of angina pectoris is higher.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon/adverse effects, Adult, Aged, Angina Pectoris/*therapy, Angina, Unstable/pathology/physiopathology/*therapy, Coronary Artery Bypass, Coronary Circulation, Coronary Vessels/*pathology/physiopathology, Electrocardiography, Emergencies, Exercise Test, Female, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/etiology, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies|
de Feyter, P.J., Serruys, P.W.J.C., Simoons, M.L., Wijns, W., Geuskens, R., Soward, A., … Arnold, A.E.R.. (1986). Coronary angioplasty of the unstable angina related vessel in patients with multivessel disease. European Heart Journal, 7, 460–467. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4205