Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for angina pectoris after a non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction
Despite initially favorable prognosis in patients with non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction (AMI), long-term mortality in this subset of patients appears to be similar to or even greater than that in patients with Q-wave AMI. The relatively poor late prognosis is primarily due to a high incidence of unstable angina and recurrent AMI. Between January 1982 and January 1987, 114 patients with suitable coronary narrowing underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for angina pectoris (present either at rest or during mild exertion, and despite optimal pharmacologic therapy), a median of 31 (range 2 to 362) days after a non-Q-wave AMI. Success was achieved in dilating the obstructed artery in 98 patients (113 of the 129 dilated arteries). Emergency bypass surgery was performed in 7 patients. Mean clinical follow-up of 20 (range 3 to 59) months was obtained in all patients and revealed no deaths. Of the 98 patients with successful PTCAs, 6 (6%) developed a nonfatal recurrent AMI and 62 (63%) were asymptomatic. However, recurrent angina affected 31 patients (32%) and was treated by repeat PTCA (n = 18), coronary bypass surgery (n = 5) or pharmacologic therapy (n = 8). At follow-up, 74% of the patients (73 of 98) were asymptomatic after a successful PTCA and, if necessary, a repeat PTCA, without incidence of recurrent AMI, coronary bypass surgery or death. The high initial success rate, low incidence of subsequent death and late recurrent AMI and sustained symptomatic benefit suggest that PTCA is an effective initial treatment strategy in these selected patients.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon, Adult, Aged, Angina Pectoris/complications/radiography/*therapy, Coronary Angiography, Electrocardiography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/*complications/physiopathology, Recurrence, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Suryapranata, H., Beatt, K.J., de Feyter, P.J., Verrostte, J., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., Zijlstra, F., & Serruys, P.W.J.C.. (1988). Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for angina pectoris after a non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction. The American Journal of Cardiology, 61, 240–243. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4275