Coronary angioplasty for unstable angina: immediate and late results in 200 consecutive patients with identification of risk factors for unfavorable early and late outcome
Two hundred patients (mean age 56 years, range 36 to 74) with unstable angina (chest pain at rest, associated with ST-T changes) underwent coronary angioplasty. In 65 patients with multivessel disease, only the "culprit" lesion was dilated. The initial success rate was 89.5% (179 of 200 patients). At least one major procedure-related complication occurred in 21 patients (10.5%): (death in 1, myocardial infarction in 16 and urgent surgery in 18). All patients were followed up for 2 years. Five patients died late; 8 had a late nonfatal myocardial infarction and 52 had recurrence of angina pectoris. The restenosis rate was 32% (51 of 158) in the patients with initial successful angioplasty who had repeat angiography. At the 2 year follow-up, after attempted coronary angioplasty in all 200 patients, the total incidence rate of death was 3% (one procedure related; five late deaths), of nonfatal myocardial infarction 12% (16 procedure related and 8 late after angioplasty), and 13% (26 patients) were still symptomatic although they had improved in functional class. Multivariate analysis showed that variables indicating an increased risk 1) for major procedure-related complications were: ST segment elevation, persistent negative T wave and stenosis greater than or equal to 65% (odds ratio 3.7, 3.7 and 3.3, respectively); 2) for angiographic restenosis were: presence of collateral vessels, ST segment depression, multivessel disease, left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis and history of recent onset of symptoms (odds ratio: 2.2, 2.0, 1.9, 1.9 and 0.54, respectively); and 3) for late coronary events (recurrence of angina, late myocardial infarction or late death) were: multivessel disease, total occluded vessel and ST segment elevation (odds ratio 3.7, 2.8 and 0.44, respectively). Thus, coronary angioplasty for unstable angina can be performed with a high initial success rate, but at an increased risk of major complications. The prognosis is favorable after initial successful coronary angioplasty.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Balloon/adverse effects, Adult, Aged, Angina Pectoris/*therapy, Angina, Unstable/complications/pathology/radiography/*therapy, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Vessels/pathology, Female, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/complications, Prognosis, Recurrence, Risk Factors|
de Feyter, P.J., Suryapranata, H., Serruys, P.W.J.C., Beatt, K.J., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., Tijssen, J.J., … van Domburg, R.T.. (1988). Coronary angioplasty for unstable angina: immediate and late results in 200 consecutive patients with identification of risk factors for unfavorable early and late outcome. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 12(2), 324–333. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4290