The first 840 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) performed in the same institution were retrospectively assessed at an average follow-up period of 25 months after the initial procedure. The study population consisted of 506 patients with stable angina pectoris (group 1) and 334 patients with unstable angina pectoris (group 2). Clinical end points were death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, recurrent angina pectoris necessitating bypass surgery or repeat PTCA, and event-free survival. The two groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, previous myocardial infarction, ejection fraction, and number of diseased vessels. PTCA was successful in 83.0% of group 1 and 87.1% of group 2. Follow-up rates were expressed as events per attempted PTCA in a patient group. No difference in survival was observed between the two groups, the mortality rate being approximately 2.8% at 25 months. In the group with stable angina pectoris there was a lower incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction within the first 24 hours after angioplasty; 4.3% vs 9.0% (p less than 0.01). During long-term follow-up the increase in the incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction was similar, resulting in an overall long-term follow-up infarction rate of 8.3% and 14.2%, respectively (p less than 0.01). A higher event-free survival was observed in group 1 within 24 hours after PTCA: 93.7% vs 84.2% (p less than 0.01). During subsequent follow-up the difference in event-free survival between the two groups was no longer significant: 68.5% vs 61.2%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Keywords *Angioplasty, Balloon, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Angina Pectoris/complications/mortality/*therapy, Angina, Unstable/complications/mortality/*therapy, Comparative Study, Coronary Artery Bypass, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Time Factors
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Kamp, O., Beatt, K.J., de Feyter, P.J., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., Suryapranata, H., Luijten, H.E., & Serruys, P.W.J.C.. (1989). Short-, medium-, and long-term follow-up after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for stable and unstable angina pectoris. American Heart Journal, 117(5), 991–996. Retrieved from