Restenosis after directional coronary atherectomy and balloon angioplasty: comparative analysis based on matched lesions
OBJECTIVES. Late lumen narrowing after directional coronary atherectomy was assessed by quantitative coronary angiography and compared with that after balloon angioplasty. BACKGROUND. Directional coronary atherectomy has been introduced as an alternative technique for balloon angioplasty and may reduce the incidence of restenosis. METHODS. A prospectively collected consecutive series of 87 native coronary artery lesions successfully treated with atherectomy were matched with 87 coronary artery lesions selected from a consecutive series of lesions that had been successfully dilated by balloon angioplasty. Late angiographic analysis was performed in 158 lesions. The net gain index represents the ultimate gain in minimal lumen diameter at follow-up study, normalized for the vessel size. This index is the result of the relative gain attained during the procedure (the ratio of the change in minimal lumen diameter and reference diameter) and the relative loss observed during the follow-up period (the ratio of the change in minimal lumen diameter during the follow-up period and the reference diameter). RESULTS. Matching for clinical and angiographic variables resulted in two comparable groups with similar baseline stenosis characteristics. Atherectomy resulted in a more pronounced increase in minimal lumen diameter than did balloon angioplasty (mean +/- SD 1.17 +/- 0.29 to 2.44 +/- 0.42 mm vs. 1.21 +/- 0.38 to 2.00 +/- 0.36 mm, p < 0.001). However, this favorable immediate result was subsequently lost during late angiographic follow-up, so that the minimal lumen diameter at follow-up and the net gain index did not differ significantly between the two groups (1.76 +/- 0.62 vs. 1.77 +/- 0.59 mm, p = 0.93, and 0.18 +/- 0.19 vs. 0.17 +/- 0.17, p = 0.70). Consequently, the relative gain and relative loss were higher in the atherectomy group. For both techniques, the relative gain was linearly related to the relative loss but the slope of the regression line was steeper for atherectomy, suggesting that the relative loss in the atherectomy group is proportionally even larger for a given relative gain compared with that in the angioplasty group. CONCLUSIONS. In matched groups of patients, atherectomy induces a greater initial gain in minimal lumen diameter than does balloon angioplasty. However, the vascular wall injury induced by the device is of a different nature (debulking vs. dilating) that leads to more relative loss over the follow-up period in the atherectomy group.
|Keywords||*Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary, *Atherectomy, Coronary, Aged, Comparative Study, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Disease/pathology/surgery/*therapy, Coronary Vessels/pathology/surgery, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Human, Male, Middle Aged, Recurrence, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome|
Umans, V.A.W.M., Strikwerda, S., van den Brand, M.J.B.M., de Jaegere, P., de Feyter, P.J., Serruys, P.W.J.C., … Hermans, W.R.M.. (1993). Restenosis after directional coronary atherectomy and balloon angioplasty: comparative analysis based on matched lesions. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 21, 1382–1390. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4510