Quantitative coronary angiography in the estimation of the functional significance of coronary stenosis: correlations with dobutamine-atropine stress test
OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of quantitative coronary angiography in the assessment of the functional significance of coronary stenosis as judged from the development of left ventricular wall motion abnormalities during dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. BACKGROUND. Coronary angiography is the reference method for assessment of the accuracy of noninvasive diagnostic imaging techniques to detect the presence of significant coronary stenosis. However, use of arbitrary cutoff criteria for the interpretation of angiographic data may considerably influence the true diagnostic accuracy of the technique investigated. METHODS. Thirty-four patients without previous myocardial infarction and with single-vessel coronary stenosis were studied with both quantitative angiography and dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. Two different techniques of quantitative angiographic analysis--edge detection and videodensitometry--were used for measurement of minimal lumen diameter, percent diameter stenosis and percent area stenosis. Two-dimensional echocardiographic images were collected during incremental doses of intravenous dobutamine and later analyzed using a 16-segment left ventricular model. Angiographic cutoff criteria were derived from receiver-operating curves to define the functional significance of coronary stenosis on the basis of dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography. RESULTS. The angiographic cutoff values with the best predictive value for the development of left ventricular wall motion abnormalities during dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography were minimal lumen diameter of 1.07 mm, percent diameter stenosis of 52% and percent area stenosis of 75%. Minimal lumen diameter was found to have the best predictive value for a positive dobutamine stress test (odds ratio 51, sensitivity 94%, specificity 75%). CONCLUSIONS. Automated quantitative angiographic measurement of minimal lumen diameter is a practical and useful index for determining both the anatomic and functional significance of coronary stenosis, and a value of 1.07 mm is the best predictor for a positive dobutamine stress test.
|Keywords||34368-04-2 (Dobutamine), 51-55-8 (Atropine), Adult, Aged, Atropine/*diagnostic use, Chi-Square Distribution, Comparative Study, Coronary Angiography/instrumentation/*methods/statistics & numerical data, Coronary Disease/epidemiology/*radiography/*ultrasonography, Dobutamine/*diagnostic use, Echocardiography/instrumentation/methods/statistics & numerical data, Evaluation Studies, Exercise Test/instrumentation/*methods/statistics & numerical data, Female, Human, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Baptista da Silva, J.M.P., Arnese, M., Roelandt, J.R.T.C., Fioretti, P.M., Keane, D.T.J., Escaned, J., … Boersma, H.. (1994). Quantitative coronary angiography in the estimation of the functional significance of coronary stenosis: correlations with dobutamine-atropine stress test. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 23, 1434–1439. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/4603