Three-Dimensional Myocardial Perfusion Maps by Contrast Echocardiography
We evaluated the clinical applicability of a system for three-dimensional (3-D) display of a perfusion map following myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). The system was used in 12 patients (9 males and 3 females, mean age 52 ± 10 years) undergoing interventional treatment of chronic total coronary occlusion. In each patient three standard apical views were acquired at baseline with sonicated IopamidolR injections into the left coronary artery (LCA) and into the right coronary artery (RCA). Following successful recanalization of the occluded artery MCE was repeated. The patients tolerated the procedure well. Acquisition of three standard apical views provided sufficient information for the reconstruction of 3-D perfusion maps containing the 16 standard left ventricular (LV) segments. Side-by-side display of the perfusion maps obtained following LCA and RCA echocontrast injections allowed us to classify the myocardial segments (192) into three groups: (1) those supplied by one major artery (124); (2) those supplied by collaterals from contralateral or both major arteries (58); and (3) segments supplied by none of the major arteries (10). Decreased opacification was observed in 50 segments of group 2. Following successful intervention we were able to visualize the redistribution of blood flow delivered to the LV myocardium by each major coronary artery in 3-D format. We conclude that this 3-D approach, which can easily be performed with currently available ultrasound equipment, allows an estimate of the contribution of each major coronary artery to LV perfusion before and after coronary angioplasty.
|Keywords||cardiac ultrasound, myocardial contrast echocardiography, three-dimensional echocardiography|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8175.1997.tb00734.x, hdl.handle.net/1765/4989|
Aiazian, A.A., Ataoullakhanova, D., Vletter, W.B., Varchenko, N., Gankin, K., Serruys, P.W.J.C., … ten Cate, F.J.. (1997). Three-Dimensional Myocardial Perfusion Maps by Contrast Echocardiography. Echocardiography: a journal of cardiovascular ultrasound and allied techniques, 14(4611), 349–356. doi:10.1111/j.1540-8175.1997.tb00734.x