Toward the optimal lead system and optimal criteria for exercise electrocardiography
To define the optimal lead system for exercise electrocardiography, data of the whole body surface potential distribution were analyzed in 25 normal subjects and in 25 patients with coronary artery disease at rest and during exercise. All patients had a normal electrocardiogram at rest. The sensitivity of the standard chest leads was 60 percent; it improved to 84 percent with the body surface map whereas both methods had a 100 percent specificity. On the basis of these data, and reports from other centers, it is concluded that a single bipolar lead from the right subclavian area to lead V5 is adequate in those laboratories that are restricted to testing subjects with a normal electrocardiogram at rest. In patients with a previous infarction or other abnormalities in the electrocardiogram at rest three (pseudo) orthogonal leads or several standard leads are necessary. Recommendations for optimal measurements from the exercise electrocardiogram are based on quantitative computer analysis of the selected leads in larger groups of patients. Best results were obtained with a combination of S-T amplitude, S-T slope and heart rate. The improvement in sensitivity from 50 percent with visual analysis to 85 percent with computer was similar to that obtained with body surface mapping. Changes of the P wave and QRS complex during exercise appeared to be of little diagnostic value. The pathophysiologic mechanisms that contribute to the changes of the electrocardiogram during exercise are discussed.
|Keywords||*Electrocardiography, Adult, Blood Volume, Coronary Disease/diagnosis, Exercise Test, Heart Rate, Heart Ventricles/physiology/physiopathology, Human, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis, Rest|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(81)90270-8, hdl.handle.net/1765/5254|
Simoons, M.L., & Block, P.. (1981). Toward the optimal lead system and optimal criteria for exercise electrocardiography. The American Journal of Cardiology, 47(6), 1366–1374. doi:10.1016/0002-9149(81)90270-8