Expression of apoptosis related proteins during malignant progression in chronic ulcerative colitis
BACKGROUND: Chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) is associated with increased risk of developing colon cancer through a dysplasia (intraepithelial neoplasia)-carcinoma sequence. AIMS: To investigate the expression of apoptosis and inflammatory related proteins in CUC. METHODS: The expression of proteins involved in apoptosis and inflammation (inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), Bcl-xl, Fas, and active caspase 3) was investigated and compared with that seen in sporadic colon carcinoma. RESULTS: COX-2 was negative in the epithelium of all samples. iNOS was clearly present in inflammatory areas in CUC epithelium, weakly expressed in dysplasia, and absent or weakly expressed in tumour cells. Bcl-xl was absent in CUC, increased in dysplasia, and highly expressed in most carcinomas. Fas expression was positive in the surface epithelium of CUC, dysplasia, and most tumour cells. Activated caspase 3 was weakly positive in all samples, indicating limited apoptosis. Compared with CUC associated carcinoma, iNOS was consistently expressed in sporadic colon carcinoma cells, whereas Bcl-xl was almost absent in these tumour cells and Fas was only weakly expressed. Activated caspase 3 was present in normal mucosal samples and some tumour cells. CONCLUSION: Apoptosis related proteins--particularly iNOS, Bcl-xl, and Fas-show a distinct pattern of expression in the CUC to carcinoma sequence, which differs from that seen in sporadic carcinoma, but bears a striking resemblance to that seen during neoplastic progression in Barrett's oesophagus. These results support a causal role for chronic inflammation in cancer development in CUC, and treatment of ulcerative colitis should aim to minimise inflammation.
|Keywords||*Apoptosis, Adenocarcinoma/metabolism/pathology, Antigens, CD95/metabolism, Caspases/metabolism, Colitis, Ulcerative/complications/*metabolism/pathology, Colonic Neoplasms/etiology/*metabolism/pathology, Cyclooxygenase 2, Disease Progression, Female, Humans, Inflammation Mediators/metabolism, Male, Membrane Proteins, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Proteins/*metabolism, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II, Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism, Precancerous Conditions/*metabolism/pathology, Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/metabolism, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism, bcl-X Protein|
van der Woude, C.J., Moshage, H., Homan, M., Kleibeuker, J.H., Jansen, P.L.M., & van Dekken, H.. (2005). Expression of apoptosis related proteins during malignant progression in chronic ulcerative colitis. Journal of Clinical Pathology: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in clinical pathology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8371