Interacting Dimensions of Diversity: Cross-Categorization and the Functioning of Diverse Work Groups
We conducted an experiment to show how the interplay between informational diversity and other dimensions of diversity can account for some of the inconsistent effects of informational diversity in previous research. 70 four-person groups involved in a decision-making task received homogeneous or heterogeneous information. By manipulating gender composition and bogus personality feedback we created groups that either had a potential faultline (a basis for subgroup categorization) or were homogeneous on these dimensions. In potential faultline groups, heterogeneity of information either converged with or cross-cut the other dimensions of diversity. Results showed that informational diversity enhanced group functioning when it was crossed rather than converged with the potential faultline.
|Keywords||Cross-Categorization, Diversity, Group Processes, Information Elaboration|
|Publisher||Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)|
Homan, A.C., van Knippenberg, D.L., van Kleef, G.A., & de Dreu, C.K.W.. (2006). Interacting Dimensions of Diversity: Cross-Categorization and the Functioning of Diverse Work Groups (No. ERS-2006-069-ORG). ERIM report series research in management Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8500