It has been postulated that serial inhomogeneity of ventilation in the peripheral airways in emphysema is represented by the shape of expiratory carbon dioxide tension versus volume curve. We examined the diagnostic value of this test in patients with various degrees of emphysema. The volumes between 25-50% (V25-50) and 25-75% (V25-75) of the expiratory carbon dioxide tension versus volume curve were determined in 29 emphysematous patients (20 severely obstructed and 9 moderately obstructed), 12 asthma patients in exacerbation of symptoms, and 28 healthy controls. Discriminant analysis was used to examine whether these diagnostic groups could be separated. With regard to phase 2 of the expiratory CO2 versus volume curve (mixture of anatomic deadspace and alveolar air), a plot of intercept versus slope of the relationships of (V25-50) and (V25-75) versus inspiratory volume (VI) from functional residual capacity (FRC), obtained during natural breathing frequency, proved to be most discriminating in the separation between healthy controls and severely obstructed emphysema patients. Separating healthy controls and severely obstructed emphysema patients on the basis of the discriminant line for V25-50, 9 of the 12 asthma patients in exacerbation were classified as normal, and only 5 of the 9 moderately obstructed emphysema patients as emphysematous. For V25-75 involvement of phase 3 of the curve (alveolar plateau) in asthma patients in exacerbation caused a marked overlap with the severely obstructed emphysema patients. In the healthy controls, a fixed breathing frequency of 20 breaths.min-1 led to an increase of both volumes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Additional Metadata
Keywords *Lung Volume Measurements, *Respiration, Adult, Carbon Dioxide/*physiology, Female, Forced Expiratory Volume, Functional Residual Capacity, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Emphysema/*diagnosis/physiopathology
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/8558
Citation
Kars, A.H., Goorden, G., Stijnen, Th., Bogaard, J.M., Verbraak, A.F.M., & Hilvering, C.. (1995). Does phase 2 of the expiratory PCO2 versus volume curve have diagnostic value in emphysema patients?. The European Respiratory Journal. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8558