Rat liver contains a limited number of binding sites for hepatic lipase
The binding of hepatic lipase to rat liver was studied in an ex vivo perfusion model. The livers were perfused with media containing partially purified rat hepatic lipase or bovine milk lipoprotein lipase. The activity of the enzymes was determined in the perfusion media before and after passage through the liver. During perfusion with a hepatic-lipase-containing medium the lipase activity in the medium did not change, indicating that there was no net binding of lipase by the liver. In contrast, more than 80% of the lipoprotein lipase was removed from the medium. This lipoprotein lipase activity could be recovered into the perfusion medium completely by heparin perfusion of the liver. If livers, first depleted of hepatic lipase by heparin, were subsequent perfused with a hepatic-lipase-containing medium, 90 +/- 24 m-units of the lipase activity was bound per g of liver (up to 1000 m-units/total liver). However, heparin treatment of the liver decreases the ability of the liver to re-bind hepatic lipase by 80%. Perfusion of rat livers with 0.3 M NaCl released 60% of the lipase activity into the medium. Upon subsequent perfusion of these livers with hepatic-lipase-containing media, 541 +/- 164 m-units of hepatic lipase could be bound per g of liver (up to 5000 m-units/total liver). The binding of hepatic lipase was also studied in livers of corticotropin (ACTH)-pre-treated rats. In these rats also, hepatic lipase bound only to livers which had been pre-perfused with heparin or 0.3 M NaCl. After heparin pre-perfusion, 88 +/- 12 m-units of hepatic lipase could be bound per g of liver, similar to that with livers of control rats not treated with ACTH. After prior salt perfusion, however, the capacity of the livers of ACTH-pre-treated rats to bind hepatic lipase was 212 +/- 60 m-units/g of liver. This is less than in livers of control rats (541 +/- 164 m-units/g of liver). These results indicate that in rat liver the binding of hepatic lipase is heterogeneous in character and consists of heparin-resistant and heparin-sensitive components. The hepatic-lipase binding capacity of the liver is saturable and fully utilized under various conditions. The heparin-sensitive binding capacity is lowered in ACTH-treated rats, whereas the heparin-resistant binding is unaffected. We postulate that the functional hepatic lipase activity can be regulated by changes in the binding capacity of the liver.
|Keywords||Adrenocorticotropic Hormone/pharmacology, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Binding Sites, Cattle, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Heparin/pharmacology, Lipase/isolation & purification/*metabolism, Lipoprotein Lipase/immunology/*metabolism, Liver/drug effects/*enzymology, Male, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Sodium Chloride/pharmacology|
Schoonderwoerd, G.C., Verhoeven, A.J.M., & Jansen, H.. (1994). Rat liver contains a limited number of binding sites for hepatic lipase. Biochemical Journal. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8572