Akinesis becoming dyskinesis during dobutamine stress echocardiography. A predictor of poor functional recovery after surgical revascularization
BACKGROUND: Akinesis becoming dyskinesis at high-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) has been disregarded as a marker of myocardial ischemia. However, to our knowledge, the relationship between this pattern and myocardial viability has not been assessed. METHODS: We studied 42 patients with myocardial infarction who underwent DSE (up to 40 micrograms/kg/min) before coronary artery bypass surgery, and resting echocardiogram 3 months after surgery. Viability in akinetic segments was considered to be present if systolic thickening occurred with low-dose dobutamine (LDD). RESULTS: During high-dose DSE, dyskinesis occurred in 35 of the 164 akinetic segments (group A). The remaining 129 segments comprised group B. Segments of group B had a higher prevalence of viability pattern with LDD (18% vs 0%; p < 0.01) and a higher prevalence of functional improvement (20% vs 0%; p < 0.005) compared with group A. In absence of viability pattern with LDD, postoperative improvement occurred in 10% of segments in group B and in none of segments in group A, resulting in a higher negative predictive value of LDD in group A vs B (100% vs 90%; p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The phenomenon of akinesis becoming dyskinesis with high-dose DSE is associated with absence of viability pattern with LDD and poor functional outcome after surgical revascularization. Observation of this pattern provides additional data to those obtained only with LDD echocardiography.
|Keywords||*Coronary Artery Bypass, *Echocardiography, *Myocardial Contraction/drug effects, Coronary Angiography, Dobutamine/*diagnostic use/pharmacology, Female, Heart Rate/drug effects, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology/radiography/surgery/ultrasonography, Predictive Value of Tests, Tissue Survival|
Elhendy, A., Cornel, J.H., Fioretti, P.M., Roelandt, J.R.T.C., & van Domburg, R.T.. (1996). Akinesis becoming dyskinesis during dobutamine stress echocardiography. A predictor of poor functional recovery after surgical revascularization. Chest: the cardiopulmonary and critical care journal. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8613