Contribution of asynchrony and nonuniformity to mechanical interaction in normal and stunned myocardium
In anesthetized pigs, we investigated whether asynchrony (delta T) and nonuniformity (regional differences) in contractility (delta E) could describe the interaction between normal and stunned myocardium. Mechanical interaction was evaluated by regional postsystolic work (PSW) before and after production of stunning by a 5-min occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery [LCX (LCX stunning)] and a subsequent 10-min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery [LAD (LAD stunning)]. delta T and delta E were intensified by intracoronary (LAD) infusions of dobutamine. From regional end-systolic pressure-segment length relationships, systolic segment shortening (SS), end-systolic elastance (E), external work (EW), and PSW were determined. LCX stunning decreased SSLCX from 14 +/- 2 (mean +/- SE, n = 9) to 10 +/- 2% and ELCX from 103 +/- 25 to 52 +/- 7 mmHg/mm, whereas the LAD region was unaffected. EWLCX decreased from 165 +/- 16 to 138 +/- 20 mmHg.mm, whereas PSWLCX increased from -4 +/- 6 to 8 +/- 3 mmHg.mm. Additional LAD stunning reduced SSLAD from 16 +/- 2 to 9 +/- 3% and ELAD from 79 +/- 10 to 31 +/- 6 mmHg/mm, without affecting SSLCX and ELCX. In the normal myocardium, PSWLAD increased and PSWLCX decreased, but, during local LAD dobutamine infusions after stunning, both PSWLCX and PSWLAD increased. In normal myocardium, the changes in PSWLCX could be described by delta T (65 +/- 11%) and delta E (37 +/- 15%). After stunning of the LAD area, the contribution of delta E increased to 55 +/- 14% at the expense of delta T (37 +/- 15%). Similar contributions of delta E (54 +/- 13%) and delta T (57 +/- 13%) were found when both the LCX and LAD distribution areas were stunned. In normal myocardium, both delta T and delta E modulate mechanical interaction, with the contribution of delta T exceeding that of delta E. In stunned myocardium, both factors contribute, but the contribution shifts in favor of delta E.
|Keywords||*Hemodynamic Processes/drug effects, *Myocardial Contraction/drug effects, Animals, Coronary Vessels/physiology, Diastole, Dobutamine/pharmacology, Elasticity, Female, Heart Rate, Heart/drug effects/*physiology/*physiopathology, Male, Models, Cardiovascular, Myocardial Stunning/*physiopathology, Reference Values, Swine, Systole, Ventricular Function, Left|
Fan, D., Soei, L.K., Stubenitsky, R., Duncker, D.J.G.M., Verdouw, P.D., Krams, R., & Boersma, H.. (1997). Contribution of asynchrony and nonuniformity to mechanical interaction in normal and stunned myocardium. American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8730